The contribution of metabolites to the rapid and potent down-regulation of rat cortical beta-adrenoceptors by the putative antidepressant sibutramine hydrochloride
by
Luscombe GP, Hopcroft RH, Thomas PC, Buckett WR.
Research Department,
Boots Company PLC,
Nottingham, U.K.
Neuropharmacology 1989 Feb; 28(2):129-34


ABSTRACT

Sibutramine HCl is an inhibitor of the reuptake of monoamines with a pharmacological profile in rodents indicative of antidepressant activity. The secondary (BTS 54 354) and primary (BTS 54 505) amine metabolites of the tertiary amine sibutramine HCl exhibit similar in vivo pharmacological activity to the parent compound. Thus, each compound displays potent activity in acute behavioural models predictive of antidepressant effects and a comparable ability to inhibit the uptake of monoamines in vivo. In addition, BTS 54 354 and BTS 54 505 induce an equally rapid and potent down-regulation of cortical beta-adrenoceptors in the rat as sibutramine HCl. The secondary and primary amines are, however, considerably more active than sibutramine HCl as inhibitors of the uptake of noradrenaline, dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine in vitro. The potent inhibition of the reuptake of noradrenaline by the secondary and primary amine metabolites probably contributes to the rapid and potent down-regulation of beta-adrenoceptors in the rat, induced by the putative antidepressant sibutramine HCl.
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