A 12-week study comparing moclobemide and
sertraline in the treatment of outpatients with atypical depression

Sogaard J, Lane R, Latimer P, Behnke K, Christiansen PE,
Nielsen B, Ravindran AV, Reesal RT, Goodwin DP
Pfizer Inc, New York,
NY 10017-5755, USA. laner@pfizer.com
J Psychopharmacol 1999 Dec; 13(4):406-14


One hundred and ninety-seven outpatients with atypical depression [Atypical Depression Diagnostic Scale (ADDS) score=4] were randomized to 12 weeks of double-blind treatment with sertraline or moclobemide in a multicentre, parallel-group clinical trial. Patients were started on either 50 mg/day sertraline or 300 mg/day moclobemide. If the therapeutic response was not satisfactory after 4 weeks, the dose could be increased to either 100 mg/day sertraline or 450 mg/day moclobemide. Primary efficacy evaluations were the 29-item Hamilton Psychiatric Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) and the Clinical Global Impression of Improvement (CGI-I) response rate (much or very much improved) at study endpoint. Secondary efficacy evaluations included the ADDS, the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), the Leeds Sleep Scale, and the Battelle Quality of Life Battery (BQOLB). In the analysis of the 172 patient efficacy-evaluable population, there was significant baseline to endpoint improvement in all primary and secondary efficacy assessments after treatment with either sertraline or moclobemide. At the endpoint, the proportion of responders on CGI-I, was 77.5% in the sertraline group and 67.5% in the moclobemide group (p=0.052). The baseline to endpoint mean 29-item HAM-D score decreased from 35.9 to 14.5 in the sertraline group and from 36.3 to 16.1 in the moclobemide group. Sertraline also resulted in a significantly (p < 0.05) greater degree of improvement at the endpoint, compared with moclobemide, in the proportion of remitters on the HAMA (total score < or = 7), ADDS Category IID (Rejection Sensitivity), Leeds Sleep Factor 4 (Integrity of Behaviour Following Awakening), and on three dimensions of the BQOLB (Energy/Vitality, Social Interaction and Life Satisfaction). There were no other significant differences between treatment groups. Overall, both medications were well tolerated. In this study, both sertraline and moclobemide improved the symptoms of atypical depression.
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