Sertraline, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor modulates extracellular noradrenaline in the rat frontal cortex
Thomas DN, Nutt DJ, Holman RB
University of Bristol,
Psychopharmacology Unit School of Medical Sciences, UK.
J Psychopharmacol 1998; 12(4):366-70


The selective action of selective serotonergic reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) neurotransmission underlies the therapeutic effectiveness of this class of drugs. Yet there is increasing evidence that changes in extracellular 5-HT content may result in changes in the regulation of other neurotransmitter systems. The present study examines the effects of acute and chronic administration of the SSRI sertraline on release of endogenous noradrenaline (NA) in the frontal cortex and hippocampus of the rat using in vivo microdialysis. Acute administration of sertraline did not significantly alter NA release in either the cortex or the hippocampus. However, 24 h after chronic (14 days) administration of the drug (10 mg/kg i.p. once daily), NA release in the cortex but not hippocampus was significantly enhanced. The lack of an effect on NA release following a challenge with the alpha2-antagonist idazoxan suggests that chronic drug treatment has reduced the sensitivity of cortical pre-synaptic alpha2-adrenoceptors, activation of which would normally inhibit further NA release. The possible mechanisms underlying the regional specificity of the effect of chronic and not acute sertraline administration and the implications of these results for our understanding of depression are discussed.
SSRI spectrum
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Sertraline and OCD
Sertraline and depression
Sertraline versus bupropion
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Sertraline for elderly depressives
Sertraline for anxious depressives
Sertraline and psychomotor performance
Sertraline; anxiety, depression and anhedonia
Sertraline (Zoloft, Lustral) versus fluoxetine (Prozac)

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