Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors as targets for antidepressants
Shytle RD, Silver AA, Lukas RJ, Newman MB, Sheehan DV, Sanberg PR.
Center for Aging and Brain Repair, University of South Florida College of Medicine,
Tampa, FL 33613, USA.
Mol Psychiatry 2002;7(6):525-35
ABSTRACTWhile the monoamine deficiency hypothesis of depression is still most commonly used to explain the actions of antidepressant drugs, a growing body of evidence has accumulated that is not adequately explained by the hypothesis. This article draws attention to contributions from another apparently common pharmacological property of antidepressant medications--the inhibition of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR). Evidence is presented suggesting the hypercholinergic neurotransmission, which is associated with depressed mood states, may be mediated through excessive neuronal nicotinic receptor activation and that the therapeutic actions of many antidepressants may be, in part, mediated through inhibition of these receptors. In support of this hypothesis, preliminary evidence is presented suggesting that the potent, centrally acting nAChR antagonist, mecamylamine, which is devoid of monoamine reuptake inhibition, may reduce symptoms of depression and mood instability in patients with comorbid depression and bipolar disorder. If this hypothesis is supported by further preclinical and clinical research, nicotinic acetylcholine receptor antagonists may represent a novel class of therapeutic agents for treating mood disorders.TCAs
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