Switching to moclobemide to reverse fluoxetine-induced
sexual dysfunction in patients with depression

by
Ramasubbu R
Department of Psychiatry,
University of Ottawa, Ont.
RRamasub@rohcg.on.ca
J Psychiatry Neurosci 1999 Jan; 24(1):45-50


ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of substituting moclobemide, a reversible monoamine oxidase-A inhibitor, for fluoxetine to reverse fluoxetine-induced sexual dysfunction in patients with depression. DESIGN: Prospective open trial. SETTING: Outpatient treatment. PARTICIPANTS: Five patients with depressive disorder who experienced sexual side effects during treatment with standard doses of fluoxetine (20 to 40 mg per day). INTERVENTION: Discontinuation of fluoxetine and replacement with moclobemide (300 to 600 mg per day) after a 2-week washout period. OUTCOME MEASURES: Libido, orgasmic function (in women) or erectile and ejaculatory function (in men), and overall improvement in sexual function during a follow-up period of 2 months to 3 years. RESULTS: Among patients receiving fluoxetine questioned about sexual side effects, 4 (1 man and 3 women) had treatment-related diminished libido with poor orgasmic response or partial erectile failure, and 1 female patient had enhanced sexual desire with intense clitoral stimulation. In all patients, sexual disturbances resolved completely after a 2-week washout period and a switch to treatment with moclobemide. Moclobemide was well tolerated. The antidepressant effect of moclobemide was comparable to that of fluoxetine. CONCLUSIONS: Moclobemide may be preferred as a treatment for depression in patients with fluoxetine-induced sexual dysfunction.
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