Psychoneuroendocrinology of depression.
Department of Psychiatry,
Royal College of Surgeons, Dublin, Ireland.
Psychiatr Clin North Am 1998 Jun; 21(2):325-39
ABSTRACTThe release of growth hormone (GH) from the anterior pituitary is regulated by hypothalamic peptides especially GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) and somatostatin, which in turn are controlled by classic neurotransmitters such as noradrenaline, dopamine, and acetylcholine, as well as negative feedback from GH and insulin-like growth factor-1. There has been extensive investigation of this axis in patients with depression. The most consistently reported abnormality is in noradrenergic-mediated GH release, which probably occurs via GHRH containing neurones. ACh-induced GH release through the somatostatin system, GABA, and also GHRH-stimulated release are reported as abnormal by some researchers.GABA
GH and GHB
GH and quality of life
and further reading
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World
The Good Drug Guide
The Responsible Parent's Guide
To Healthy Mood Boosters For All The Family