An investigation of the mechanisms responsible for acute fluoxetine-induced anxiogenic-like effects in mice
Belzung C, Le Guisquet AM, Barreau S, Calatayud F.
EA 3248 Psychobiologie des emotions,
UFR Sciences et Techniques, Tours, France.
Behav Pharmacol 2001 Jun;12(3):151-62


Although selective 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are widely used in the chronic treatment of several anxiety disorders, increased anxiety has been observed in some patients at the beginning of treatment with these compounds. Similar increases in anxiety-related behaviors have been observed in animal studies following a single injection with SSRIs. The mechanism underlying this effect is unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a variety of psychoactive compounds on the anxiogenic-like activity of fluoxetine. The drugs used included the benzodiazepine diazepam, the 5-HT1A receptor partial agonist buspirone, the 5-HT1A receptor antagonists pindolol and WAY-100635, the non-selective 5-HT2 receptor antagonists methiothepin, mianserin and ritanserin, the non-selective dopamine (DA) receptor antagonist haloperidol, the D1 antagonist SCH23390, the selective D2 antagonist raclopride, the D2/3 agonist quinelorane, the cholecystokininB (CCK(B)) receptor antagonist LY 288513, and the corticotropin-releasing factor1 (CRF1) receptor antagonist CP-154,526. Experiments were performed in the free-exploration test. This model is based on the strong neophobic reactions exhibited by BALB/c mice when confronted simultaneously with a familiar and a novel environment. When administered alone, diazepam (1 and 2 mg/kg), buspirone (1 mg/kg) and mianserin (0.3 mg/kg) produced anxiolytic-like effects as they significantly increased exploratory activity of the novel compartment. In contrast, fluoxetine (20 mg/kg) almost completely suppressed exploration of the novel area. Diazepam reversed the anxiogenic-like as well as the locomotor impairment induced by fluoxetine, while quinelorane blocked only the anxiogenic action of fluoxetine. None of the other compounds was able to counteract this effect. Taken together, these results suggest that dopaminergic mechanisms may underlie, at least in part, the behavioral effects of fluoxetine in the free-exploration test, whereas 5-HT1A 5-HT2, CCK(B) and CRF1 receptors may not be involved primarily in these effects.
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