Increased corticotropin-releasing factor concentrations in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis of anhedonic rats
by
Stout SC, Mortas P, Owens MJ, Nemeroff CB, Moreau J
Laboratory of Neuropsychopharmacology,
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences,
Emory University School of Medicine,
1639 Pierce Drive,
Suite 4000,
30322, Atlanta, GA, USA
Eur J Pharmacol 2000 Jul 28; 401(1):39-46


ABSTRACT

Chronic mild stress in rats is an antidepressant-responsive model for anhedonic symptoms of major depression. Many patients with depression exhibit alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity, and corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) neuronal function. This study investigated the potential involvement of CRF and CRF receptors in the development of chronic mild stress-induced anhedonia in rats. Rats were subjected to 19 days of chronic mild stress, during which time anhedonia was periodically assessed by determining the threshold for self-stimulation of the ventral tegmental area. Anhedonic rats exhibited a 50% increase in CRF concentrations in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis compared to control rats. There were no significant changes in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity, CRF or CRF(1) receptor mRNA expression, or CRF receptor binding in the brain regions analyzed. Though preliminary, these results are consistent with the hypothesis that chronic stress-induced modulation of CRF function in specific brain structures such as the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis may contribute to the pathophysiology of depression.
CRF
LHPA
Stress
Astressin
Urocortin
21st century
Thymopoetin
Ketoconazole
Sigma ligands
Cortisol blues
CRF and memory
Drugs and reward
CRH-R antagonists
Learned helpless rats
Sedatives and anxiolytics
Glucocorticoids and mood
Serotonin, stress, and CRH
Are antidepressants neuroprotective?
CRH, CRHR1 antagonists and depression
Stress, dynorphin, dysphoria and the kappa opioid system


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