Carisoprodol elimination in humans
Olsen H, Koppang E, Alvan G, Morland J.
Department of Clinical Pharmacology,
University Hospital, Tromso, Norway.
Ther Drug Monit. 1994 Aug;16(4):337-40.
ABSTRACTThe elimination of the muscle relaxant drug, carisoprodol, was examined in 10 healthy volunteers after an oral dose of 700 mg. In nine subjects, carisoprodol was rapidly eliminated, with a mean half-life of 99 +/- 46 min, and extensively converted to meprobamate. Within 2.5 h after carisoprodol intake, meprobamate serum concentrations exceeded those of carisoprodol. Serum levels of meprobamate recorded (15-25 mumol/L) indicate that meprobamate might contribute to the effect(s) of carisoprodol. One subject eliminated carisoprodol with an overall half-life of 376 min, and only small amounts of meprobamate were recorded. This subject was found to be a poor metabolizer of mephenytoin. In spiked human sera, protein binding of carisoprodol was in the range of 41-67%, whereas meprobamate was bound to a lesser extent, 14-24%.Carisoprodol
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