The effects of benzodiazepines on human
opioid receptor binding and function

by
Cox RF, Collins MA.
Department of Receptor Biochemistry,
GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park,
North Carolina 17709, USA.
rc7694@glaxowellcome.com
Anesth Analg. 2001 Aug;93(2):354-8 , 3rd contents page


ABSTRACT

We performed in vitro studies to investigate the potential interaction of benzodiazepines with cloned human opioid receptor subtypes. Midazolam, chlordiazepoxide, and diazepam directly displaced [(3)H]-diprenorphine binding from kappa and delta receptors, but not mu receptors, whereas flumazenil was inactive. These benzodiazepines also stimulated (35)S-GTPgammaS binding in membranes containing human kappa receptors, and the effect of midazolam was prevented by a selective kappa antagonist. Midazolam was also weakly active at delta-receptor activation, whereas all three were inactive at mu receptors. The results suggest that the analgesic efficacy reported for intrathecal benzodiazepines may be attributed, in part, to direct interaction with kappa-opioid receptors. IMPLICATIONS: Several human and animal studies have shown analgesic effects of benzodiazepines after spinal injection. Our results show that large concentrations of midazolam, chlordiazepoxide, and diazepam displace the binding of [(3)H]-diprenorphine-an opiate radioligand from kappa receptors. In an in vitro functional assay, midazolam is a weak agonist at the delta-opioid receptor, whereas all three benzodiazepines are kappa-opioid agonists. These findings may partially explain the mechanism of benzodiazepine-induced spinal analgesia.
GABA
Anxiety
Gepirone
Buspirone
Sedatives
Zopiclone
Triazolam
Fengabine
Midazolam
Alprazolam
Adinazolam
Temazepam
Barbiturates
Methaqualone
Benzodiazepines
Neuroactive steroids
Benzodiazepine metabolism
GABA, pain and the cerebral cortex
Benzodiazepine dependence potential
Benzodiazepines and endogenous opioid neurotransmission
Diazepam (Valium) and the potato: the natural origin of benzodiazepines

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