Pharmacotherapy response and
diagnostic validity in atypical depression

by
Sotsky SM, Simmens SJ
The George Washington University Medical Center,
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences,
Washington, DC 20037, USA.
J Affect Disord 1999 Aug; 54(3):237-47


ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The validity of diagnostic criteria and the efficacy of tricyclic antidepressant pharmacotherapy for atypical depression were studied in the NIMH Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program. METHODS: Outpatients with major depressive disorder (N = 239) entered a 16-week clinical trial and were randomly assigned to interpersonal psychotherapy, cognitive behavior therapy, and imipramine or placebo with clinical management. Features of atypical depression were rated on the SADS and ISI and clinical outcome was measured on the HRSD and GAS. RESULTS: Atypical features of mood reactivity and at least one reversed vegetative symptom of hypersomnia, hyperphagia or weight gain (25.2% patients) were predictive of pharmacotherapy non-responsiveness with imipramine compared to placebo. The additional features of diurnal mood variation, 'leaden paralysis', and 'rejection sensitivity' did not further distinguish animipramine non-responsive subgroup. Imipramine did show significant effectiveness compared to placebo among non-atypical patients on measures of depressive symptom change. LIMITATIONS: The predictive influence of atypical features was not accounted for on the basis of depression severity. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence for the predictive validity of atypical features of major depressive disorder, including mood reactivity and at least one reversed vegetative symptom of either hypersomnia, hyperphagia, or weight gain, supporting the inclusion of atypical depressive features, with these criteria, in the DSM-IV.
TCAs
SSRIs
MAOIs
Options
Bupropion
Reboxetine
Nefazodone
Mirtazapine
Venlafaxine
Antidepressants
5-HT/dopamine
Depressive realism
Atypical depression
Retarded depression
New antidepressants
Depression without sadness
Oversleeping and overeating
Atypical depression: treatment
Atypical depression: symptoms
Atypical depression and personality
Atypical depression and noradrenaline
Atypical depression and soft bipolarity
An historical analysis of the creation of the concept of an antidepressant


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