Targeted gene deletion of the 5-HT(3A) receptor subunit produces an anxiolytic phenotype in mice
by
Kelley SP, Bratt AM, Hodge CW.
Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center,
Department of Neurology,
University of California at San Francisco,
94608, Emeryville, CA, USA
Eur J Pharmacol 2003 Feb 7;461(1):19-25


ABSTRACT

Enxiety disorders are the most common psychiatric disorders. Typical medications used to treat patients are benzodiazepines or antidepressants that target serotonin (5-HT) activity. The ionotropic 5-HT(3) receptor has emerged as a potential therapeutic target because selective antagonist compounds reduce anxiety in rodents, primates, and humans. 5-HT binds to the extracellular N-terminus of the 5-HT(3A) receptor subunit, but receptor activation is also enhanced by distinct allosteric sites. It is not known if specific molecular subunits of the 5-HT(3) receptor modulate anxiety. To address this issue, we characterized anxiety-like behavior of mice with a targeted deletion of the 5-HT(3A) receptor subunit gene in the light/dark box, elevated plus maze, and novelty interaction animal models of anxiety. 5-HT(3A) null mice exhibited an anxiolytic behavioral phenotype that was highly correlated across behavioral measures. This evidence indicates that the 5-HT(3A) molecular subunit influences anxiety-like behavior. Pharmacotherapy that targets specifically the 5-HT(3A) receptor subunit may provide a novel treatment for anxiety disorders.
SSRIs
5-HT2
5-HT3
5-HT1a
5-HT1b
5-HT1d
5-HT2a
5-HT2c
Serotonin
Mirtazapine
5-HT2b/5-HT2b
Serotonergic drugs


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