Antidepressant-Like Behavioral Effects
Mediated by 5-Hydroxytryptamine(2C) Receptors

by
Cryan JF, Lucki I
Department of Psychiatry,
University of Pennsylvania,
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2000 Dec 1;295(3):1120-1126


ABSTRACT

The role of the 5-HT(2C) receptor in mediating active behaviors in the modified rat forced swim test was examined. Three novel selective 5-HT(2C) receptor agonists, WAY 161503 (0.1-3.0 mg/kg), RO 60-0175 (2-20 mg/kg), and RO 60-0332 (20 mg/kg), all decreased immobility and increased swimming, a pattern of behavior similar to that which occurs with the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluoxetine (5-20 mg/kg). However, the prototypical but nonselective 5-HT(2C) receptor agonist m-chlorophenylpiperazine (1-10 mg/kg) increased immobility scores in the forced swim test. The selective 5-HT(2C) receptor antagonist SB 206533 was inactive when given alone (1-20 mg/kg). However, SB 206533 (20 mg/kg) blocked the antidepressant-like effects of both WAY 161503 (1 mg/kg) and fluoxetine (20 mg/kg). The atypical antidepressant (noradrenergic alpha(2) and 5-HT(2C) receptor antagonist) mianserin reduced immobility and increased climbing at 30 mg/kg. At a behaviorally subactive dose (10 mg/kg), mianserin abolished the effects of WAY 161503 (1 mg/kg) on both swimming and immobility scores. Mianserin blocked the effects of fluoxetine (20 mg/kg) on swimming only; mianserin plus fluoxetine reduced immobility and induced a switch to climbing behavior, suggesting activation of noradrenergic transmission. These data exemplify the benefits of using the modified rat forced swim test, which was sensitive to serotonergic compounds and distinguished behavioral changes associated with serotonergic and noradrenergic effects. Taken together, the results strongly implicate a role for 5-HT(2C) receptors in the behavioral effects of antidepressant drugs.
LSD
SSRIs
5-HT2
5-HT3
5-HT4
5-HT1a
5-HT2a
5-HT2c
Serotonin
Dopamine
Mianserin
Amitriptiline
Agomelatine
SSRIs and 5-HT1b
The role of melatonin
5-HT2c variants suicide
Serotonin 5-HT2C receptors
Personality genetics: 5-HT2c
Fluoxetine (Prozac) and 5-HT2c
The serotonin 5-HT2C receptors
Agomelatine (Valdoxan): review
5-HT7 receptor antagonists as antidepressants
Selective 5-HT2C receptor inverse agonists: SB-243213
Pathophysiology of depression: Role of sleep and the melatonergic system


Refs
and further reading

HOME
HedWeb
Nootropics
erythroxylum-coca.com
Future Opioids
BLTC Research
MDMA/Ecstasy
Superhapiness?
Utopian Surgery?
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World

The Good Drug Guide
The Good Drug Guide

The Responsible Parent's Guide
To Healthy Mood Boosters For All The Family