Psychopharmacology of affective disorders
in the 21st century

by
Nemeroff CB
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences,
Emory University School of Medicine,
Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA.
Biol Psychiatry 1998 Oct 1; 44(7):517-25


ABSTRACT

Over the past several years, remarkable advances have been made both in our understanding of the central nervous system (CNS) and in the pathophysiology of the major psychiatric disorders, resulting in major break-throughs in our capacity to treat these devastating illnesses. Since the seminal work of Ramon Y Cajal and Golgi at the turn of the century, new techniques such as fluorescence histochemistry have evolved into immunohistochemical and more recently in situ hybridization. These techniques have permitted, for the first time, the elucidation of chemically defined neural circuits. Such advances in the mapping of neural systems and the visualization of monoaminergic and peptidergic neurons and their receptors in tissue sections have provided the tools for the burgeoning field of neurochemical pathology of psychiatric disorders. Data provided from such studies has served as the basis for the development of novel pharmacological approaches to the treatment of affective and anxiety disorders, as well as schizophrenia. This review focuses on two major neural systems implicated in the pathophysiology of depression, serotonin and corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF). Development of novel agents are described including selective serotonin receptor agonists, combined selective serotonin receptor antagonists and serotonin reuptake inhibitors, CRF receptor antagonists, and the use of an antisense strategy.

CRF
JDTic
NMDA
SSRIs
NARIs
RIMAs
1990s
Options
Ketamine
Duloxetine
Antisense
SSRIs/SNRIs
Comparisons
Neurotrophins
New anxiolytics
Antidepressants
Phenylethylamine
Vagus stimulation
New antidepressants
Antidepressants 2006
Neurokinins/substance P
SNaRIs, NaSSAs, and NaRIs
CFR-1 antagonists: antalarmin
Antidepressant augmentation strategies
Mood enhancement via stem cell therapy

Refs
and further reading

HOME
HedWeb
Nootropics
Cocaine.org
Future Opioids
BLTC Research
MDMA/Ecstasy
Superhapiness?
Utopian Surgery?
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World

The Good Drug Guide
The Good Drug Guide

The Responsible Parent's Guide
To Healthy Mood Boosters For All The Family