The relationship between the psychological and
immunological state in patients with atopic dermatitis

by
Hashiro M, Okumura M
Department of Dermatology,
Kansai Rohsai Hospital, Hyogo, Japan.
J Dermatol Sci 1998 Mar; 16(3):231-5


ABSTRACT

The relationship between the psychological and immunological state in patients with atopic dermatitis was investigated. It was found that patients with atopic dermatitis are significantly more depressive and scored higher for state anxiety (P < 0.05) than the normal control group. They also tended to be more psychosomatic symptom-prone and to score higher for trait anxiety. NK activity in patients with atopic dermatitis was significantly lower than in normal controls (P < 0.01), while serum IFN-gamma levels tended to be slightly higher and serum IL-4 levels somewhat lower. No significant correlation was detected between any pair of psychological test/immunological examination for either patients or normal controls. However, in the examination of path analyses, psychological variables affect serum levels of IFN-gamma and IL-4 more in the patients than the normal controls. Only STAI(T) and (S) affect NK activity in atopic dermatitis patients. By a discriminant analysis, NK cell activity and serum IFN-gamma appeared statistically significant. We conclude that the psychological state is to some extent related to the immunological state.
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